Metal braces, the side effects no one tells you.

Metal braces are one of the most common treatments in cosmetic dentistry. They are used to correct irregular arrangement of teeth, biting issues, or due to prosthetic reasons.

Although they have proved to be a successful alternative for tooth misalignment, issues like tooth pain and discomfort are well-known among the patients with fixed braces. Moreover, there are other risks and side effects associated with them that, although they are less frequent, can have a notorious impact on your dental health.


Tooth pain is the most frequent complication for orthodontic treatment. Its intensity can vary from mild to intense, but it depends on the types of movement, the position, and your health state.

Gum problems

The orthodontic treatment alters the mouth’s equilibrium. The presence of the metal braces increases the accumulation of dental plaque, causing swelling and irritation of the gums when the plaque is not correctly removed.

The first stage of this irritation is known as gingivitis, and it is a common gum disease that can lead to bleeding and other problems. If it is not treated, it can lead to bone loss, also known as periodontitis.

Another possible effect of the orthodontic braces on the soft tissues is the increase in the size of the gums. It’s also known as gum hyperplasia, and it gives the aspect of giant gums or tiny teeth.

Finally, braces can cause gum recessions, making the teeth to lose bone support. Although they are a rare complication, they can occur for multiple reasons, including systemic conditions and bad planning.

Difficulties in hygiene

As we mentioned previously, the presence of metal braces can affect daily cleanup and brushing. Neglecting good habits of hygiene can lead to plenty of oral problems.

Having braces can difficult the brushing technique and prevent the use of dental floss, allowing more and more plaque to accumulate. Therefore, it is crucial to have a high level of dental hygiene to avoid further problems.

White Stains

Teeth demineralization is another problem that can occur during and after having braces. The accumulation of dental plaque can induce the loose of minerals in the enamel surrounding the metal braces, creating white stains that can compromise the aesthetics and lead to other restorations.

Root resorption

It’s the shortening of the teeth, and it can occur due to the use of excessive forces and other base conditions like bruxism. This effect is detectable only on radiographic images, and it usually occurs in the front incisal teeth.


Having metal braces is a new experience to the mouth, and it can take a while for the tissues to get accustomed to the appliances. In the worse scenario, metal braces can affect the inner tissues of the lips and cheeks, causing ulcers.

These lesions are frequent near the areas where metal bands or over-extended ends of the wire are. In most cases, these ulcers turn for the better in a short time after the stimulus is gone.


Fortunately, the development within orthodontics has not stood still and there are other solutions to straighten the teeth without using the metal clasps, namely by wearing clear braces.

Most of the side effects will be a thing of the past because of this brace:

Invisible, comfortable, removable so you can brush normally and maintain your oral hygiene. No white spots on the enamel and no irritating metals in your mouth.

In other words, the right step to get your teeth neat and tidy without unpleasant side effects.

Make an appointment with us to discuss your situation with the specialist so that you can make a considered decision with impact for the rest of your life 🙂